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el 81% de los pacientes con edades comprendidas entre 45 a 59 años presentaban abfracciones, EDAD se asocia significativamente con las. DENTALES. abfraction la abfracción abrasive elabrasivo abrasion of teeth abscess abutment acid acidulated phosphate fluoride acrylic appliance active caries. Tooth wear or tooth surface loss is a normal physiological process and occurs throughout life but is considered pathological when the degree of.

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This mainly happens on the first, second, and third molars. Lesions are most commonly found on the palatal surfaces of the teeth, followed by the occlusal and then the buccal surfaces. The aetiology of tooth wear is attributed to four causes: This causes the cutting edge of the tooth to become transparent.

Table 3 Acidity of some common foods and beverages. Table 4 Factors that reduce the flow of saliva. Erosion Erosion is the progressive loss of dental hard tissue by acid from a non-bacterial source 8.

Acid erosion – Wikipedia

Orofacial soft tissues — Soft tissues around the mouth Actinomycosis Angioedema Abfraccoones cell carcinoma Cutaneous sinus of dental dentalez Cystic hygroma Abfracciknes Ludwig’s angina Macrostomia Melkersson—Rosenthal syndrome Microstomia Noma Oral Crohn’s disease Orofacial granulomatosis Perioral dermatitis Pyostomatitis vegetans.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Erosion is generally considered to be the most prevalent cause of tooth wear in the UK and Europe. Tooth tissue is gradually weakened causing tissue loss through fracture and chipping or successively worn away leaving a non-carious lesion on the tooth surface.

Retrieved from ” https: Dental erosion denfales lead to two major tooth colour change – the first being a change of color that usually happens on the cutting edge of the central incisors. Oral and maxillofacial pathology K00—K06, Abfraccionez—, — In the anterior teeth, there is increased incisal translucency, incisal chipping and, in moderate to severe cases, cupping out of the incisal edges Figs. Gingivitis Periodontitis Chronic periodontitis Periodontal disease.

Carbonated drink, such as colas and lemonades are also very acidic and hence have significant erosive potential. This pain is due to the enamel having been eroded away, exposing the sensitive dentin. Associated with non-dental objects eg hair grips 9or overly vigorous tooth brushing 8. Masseteric muscle hypertrophy may also indicate a clenching or grinding habit bruxism.


Intra-oral examination may reveal signs of salivary hypofunction such as dry mouth with a reduced amount of saliva or saliva that is foamy, viscous or ropy.


Support Center Support Center. A follow-up study of 18 subjects with extensively worn dentitions”. The eroded enamel stands higher than the underlying dentine as the dentine is less mineralized compared to enamel and wears away faster once exposed. Periodontium gingivaperiodontal ligamentcementumalveolus — Gums and tooth-supporting structures Cementicle Cementoblastoma Gigantiform Cementoma Eruption cyst Epulis Pyogenic granuloma Congenital epulis Gingival enlargement Gingival cyst of the adult Gingival cyst of the newborn Gingivitis Desquamative Granulomatous Plasma cell Hereditary gingival fibromatosis Hypercementosis Hypocementosis Linear gingival erythema Necrotizing periodontal diseases Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Pericoronitis Peri-implantitis Periodontal abscess Periodontal trauma Periodontitis Aggressive As a manifestation of systemic disease Chronic Perio-endo lesion Teething.

Journal of Oral Rehabilitation. Kelleher M, Bishop K. Abfraction The pathologic loss of hard tooth substance caused by biomechanical loading forces.

One theory suggests that the abfraction lesions will only form above the CEJ. It is suggested that these lesions are caused by forces placed on the teeth during biting, eating, chewing and grinding; the enamelespecially at the cementoenamel junction CEJundergoes large amounts of stress, causing micro fractures and tooth tissue loss. Denfales from restoring the lesion, it is equally important to remove any other possible causative factors.

American Journal of Dentistry. Erosion caused by vomiting typically affects the palatal inner surfaces of the upper teeth but can be due to dietary acids as well. Faxe-mail: Terms such as erosion, abrasion, attrition 3 and abfraction have traditionally been used to describe pathological loss of tooth tissue, reflecting some aetiological factors associated with such occurrences.

Single photocopies may be made by individuals without obtaining prior permission. Further research has shown that the normal occlusal forces from chewing and swallowing are not sufficient to cause the stress and flexion required to cause abfraction lesions.


Erosion is generally considered to be the most prevalent cause of tooth wear in the UK 4 and Europe 5. Drinks vary in their resistance to the buffering effect of saliva. Retrieved from ” https: Management The provision of restorative dental care requires a multi-disciplinary approach abfrwcciones may encompass treatment ranging from simple restorations to comprehensive full mouth rehabilitation.

If there are concerns abfraccioones aesthetics or clinical consequences such as dentinal hypersensitivitya dental restoration white filling may be a suitable treatment option. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Periodontium gingivaperiodontal ligamentcementumalveolus — Gums and tooth-supporting structures. A review of the literature”.


Temporomandibular jointsmuscles of mastication and malocclusions — Jaw joints, chewing muscles and bite abnormalities Bruxism Condylar resorption Mandibular dislocation Malocclusion Crossbite Open bite Overbite Overeruption Overjet Prognathia Retrognathia Scissor bite Maxillary hypoplasia Temporomandibular joint dysfunction.

Periapical, mandibular and maxillary hard tissues — Bones of jaws.

It is important to note that studies supporting this configuration of abfraction lesions also state that when there is more than one abnormally large tensile stress on a tooth two or more abfraction lesions can result on the one surface. Particular questions to be asked are type of toothbrush used, whether hard or rentales, toothbrushing frequency and history of bruxism grinding or clenching.

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Dental Erosion and Medical Conditions An Overview of Aetiology, Diagnosis and Management

Copyright Material printed in the West Indian Medical Journal abfraccionea covered by copyright and may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the Editor. The findings of a study in Trinidad indicate that the prevalence of tooth wear in a Trinidadian population is comparable to the United Kingdom UK and, indeed, that the level of moderate and severe wear is nearly twice as high 2.

An alternative treatment in cases with advanced localized attrition. Squamous cell papilloma Keratoacanthoma Malignant: