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He acquired physics, chemistry, mathematics, and geography books and .. Iran Nameh, Special Issue on Ahmad Kasravi, 20/, Kasravi’s writings may be treated in four phases. First, in the period from the mid- s to the mids, he published textbooks for teaching. James Buchan considers Ahmad Kasravi, famed historian of Iran’s Sign up for Bookmarks: discover new books in our weekly email.

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KASRAVI, AḤMAD vii. – Encyclopaedia Iranica

Kurdish Studies Series Bibliotheca Iranica: According to Kasravi, Islam was the guiding torch of the people in the pursuit of welfare, yet at the hands of the Shi’a it had become the source of their deception and misfortune. His stress on reason and the de-mystification of religion caused him to repudiate Sufism and much of the Sufi literary heritage as backwards and believed it a reason for the weakness of modern Iran.

Contemporary Persian and Classical Persian are the same language, but writers since are classified as contemporary. For Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, declared the 10th president of the Islamic republic in what even his supporters hail as a “miracle”, history ended on 1 Februarywhen Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returned from exile in Paris to inaugurate the new revolutionary government.

For all his historical insight, profound linguistic knowledge and purity of style, Kasravi shares in good measure that violence of thought to which Iranians were prone in the 20th century. Ancient LanguageshistoryPoliticsreligion.

Encyclopædia Iranica

All instructor resources are now available on our Instructor Hub. It was losing its economic and political independence to the Russian and British empires as a profligate absolute monarchy threw the country ever deeper into debt.

He abandoned his clerical training after this event and enrolled in the American Memorial School of Tabriz. The bbooks expenditure on pilgrimage, he maintained, was best spent on feeding and clothing the hungry and the poor. Topic select a topic On several nights Kasravi climbed to the roof of his house and observed the comet bloks an attempt to discover some facts on this matter.

Ahmad Kasravi is one of the most prolific writers of 20th century Iran, with broad interests as a reformer and social thinker. This view has it that Iran, in cutting itself off from the mainstream of world affairs, has squandered its God-given wealth and condemned itself to insignificance or ridicule.

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He talks about the root of Sufism and its origin in Greek philosophy.

Performing Arts Series Bibliotheca Iranica: From the early age of sixteen, Kasravi became a pro-constitutionalist. Kasravi paid the price of his daring by his forced resignation from the public high school in Tabriz, where he had kssravi teaching Arabic, and fled to Tehran Kasravi,pp.

On 11 Marchwhile being tried on charges of “slander against Islam,” Kasravi and one of his assistants named Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Haddadpour, were knifed and killed in open court in Tehran by followers of Navvab Safavia Shi’a extremist cleric who had founded an organization called the Fadayan-e Islam literally Devotees of Islamlead by two brothers, Hossein and Ali-Mohammad Emami.

Thus doubt began to gnaw at his mind idem, boks, pp. Kasravi is known for his solid and controversial research work on the ancient Azari language. While Abdolhossein Teymourtash was a strong supporter of his works, Mohammad Ali Foroughi is said to have taken strong exception to his literary theories and banned him from contributing to the Farhangestan ahmmad to continue kasravl. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The fine new translation from Mazda Publishers is by Evan Siegel, a professor of mathematics at New Jersey City University who also happens to be expert in many of the languages of the Middle East and the Caucasus.

A prolific writer, Kasravi was very critical of both the Shi’a clergy and of the policies of the kaeravi government.

After several years of attempting to penetrate modern science, he realized that he needed to learn a European language. Kasravi was out of work Manafzadeh,p. A politico-cultural movement grew up around the platform of his organization and from time to time carried out despicable acts such as the annual burnings of books that Kasravi considered deleterious to the education of youth.

Still, he approved of several aspects of Western civilization, such as constitutional government, patriotism, the rule of law, modern science, and the textile and agricultural industries, and he urged his compatriots to take full advantage of kadravi scientific and technological innovations idem,nos. Nonetheless, zhmad did not wish to go to the provinces, and the minister could not find a job for him in Tehran.

Ahmax controversy around Kasavi’s arguments and his assassination could not have escaped the thirteen year old, inquisitive Ali Shari’ati. Supported by the Soviets, the Party constituted a local authority to which the Iranian army units stationed in Azerbaijan submitted. In the introduction bopks illustrates some common believes about Sufism, for example he says that Sufism has many followers and it is very diverse and Sophists are everywhere like Tehran, Mashhad, Shiraz Maragheh and He bookx also occasionally visit the main bazaar in town to pass some hours at the business offices of his circle, where he met educated men, all of them partisans of liberty, some of whom spoke European languages.


According to Aahmad, the Shi’i practice of dissimulation of agmad real beliefs taqiyeh when survival is at stake, was in fact a means of deception which legitimized falsehood. What will be the destiny of Iran? ShahbaziA. Kasravi, who at first seemed to be a reformer of Shi’ism, later hardened his position and became anti-Shi’i.

Personalities involved in the Persian Constitutional Revolution. The constitutionalists seized the opportunity to join forces with them idem,pp.

The language used by Kasravi at this time in his articles explicitly violates the usual norms of the Persian language, both syntactically and lexically idem,pp. Kasravi was associated with the Democrat Party in Iran. What’s New – Home – Login. The most ahmmad ones are ” History of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution ” and “Eighteen Years History of Azerbaijan”, which are the among the most important literature works of Persian Constitutional Revolution. He attacked the custom of building shrines for the Imams and characterized their worship as idolatry.

But the Ottomans immediately suffered defeat and fell back.

aahmad In this long book, which runs to pages in the best Persian edition, Kasravi recounts how the spontaneous alliance of clergy, bazar, craftsmen and intellectuals forged in disintegrated when the Shia clergy became aware of some of the wider consequences of Enlightenment ideas.

CPD consists of any educational activity which helps to maintain and develop knowledge, problem-solving, and technical skills with the aim to provide better health care through higher standards.

Present in the world in flesh and bone, the Mahdi passes unrecognised through the Shia cities, walking perhaps even among the Tehran crowds streaming between Enqelab and Azad.