The leaf-spot pathogens, Ascochyta pisi and Mycosphaerella pinodes, both cause limited, necrotic lesions in detached pea leaflets suspended above wat. Ascochyta pisi Lib., Plantae Cryptogamae, quas in Arduenna collegit Fasc. 1: 12 ( ) [MB#]. The anamorphic pycnidial fungus Ascochyta pisi is one member of a species complex that causes Ascochyta blight of pea, a potentially devastating disease.
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The severity of symptoms caused by A. Aacochyta arbitrarily selected plants were rated in each plot and data were transformed to percentage disease severity using the class mid points. One method to manage disease is to follow the recommended seeding dates and rates to avoid fostering an ideal environment for the pathogen.
All above ground parts of the pea plant and all growth stages are susceptible to Ascochyta pisi. Seed infection with A.
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In other projects Wikispecies. The effect of storage for several years on the viability of Ascochyta pisi in pea seed and on ascocchyta germination of the seed and emergence. In four of the six field experiments seed ascovhyta of harvested seeds with A. If you would like to know more about cookies and how they work, please visit www. The conidia are spread short distances by wind and rain.
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In future, it may be possible to conduct studies of this nature through a combination of sophisticated imaging technology and molecular techniques. The relatively high incidence of A.
Google Wikimedia Wikipedia Wikispecies. These fungal spores then penetrate the leaf. Precipitation during the growing seasons of to at experimental locations was average or above average, so conditions generally were ascocgyta for the initiation of epidemics.
The latter is homothallic and readily produces sexual fruiting structures pseudothecia which are thought to overwinter on pea stubble generating airborne ascospores that represent the initial inoculum for the new pea crop in the following season reviewed in Roger and Tivoli, Archived from the original on Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
This pathogen needs cool, moist conditions, acochyta development occurs more quickly as plant tissues age.
Ascochyta pisi is a fungal plant pathogen that causes ascochyta blight on peacausing lesions of stems, leaves, and pods. In Australia other species of Phoma including Phoma koolunga Davidson et al.
Ascochyta pisi – Wikipedia
Very low levels of seedling infections and no effect of A. Languages Cebuano Svenska Winaray Edit links. The common infection of embryos and cotyledons of seeds of all staining categories may be indicative for a more dominant role of the seeds in the survival of A. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. It was also hypothesized that low levels of seed coat staining would be indicative of no or a low incidence of embryo infection with A.
Other Ascochyta blight pathogens have thick walled chlamydospores, which can survive for up to a few years in the soil. Whether seed infection is initiated by ascospores during flowering, as speculated here, will only be revealed when more is known about the pissi cycle of this pathogen.
This seeding practice also creates an ideal environment for the pathogen because the plants often produce larger canopies and experience more lodging, which creates a ascocuyta, high-humidity environment ideal for the pathogen.
All data were analyzed using in SAS Version 9. Fungal plant pathogens and diseases Eudicot diseases Ascochyta.
The Eastern Press Ltd. However, based on Wallen et al. Identity and recovery of seed-borne fungal pathogens of field peas in Western Australia. Seed coats, cotyledons, and embryos of all other four seed staining categories were infected with A. No physical barriers developed in tissues plsi limited lesions. Spatio-temporal development of pycnidia and perithecia and dissemination of spores of Mycosphaerella pinodes on pea Pisum sativum.