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The autofrettage process is widely used in various industries for increasing operating pressures for advanced industrial, automotive, aerospace and defense . The detailed numerical comparison between the two different autofrettage processes points to the fact that the swage autofrettage process is. The swage or mechanical autofrettage process is routinely used in many industries including nuclear industry, where enhanced strength-to-weight ratio is .

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The strain is proportional to the stress applied within the elastic limit; therefore the expansion at the outer layers is less than at the bore.


In modern practice, a slightly oversized die is pushed slowly through the barrel by a hydraulically driven ram. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. In addition the material has a higher tensile stress as a result of the heat treatment process. This article needs additional proceds for verification.

Autofrettage is a metal fabrication technique in which a pressure vessel is subjected to enormous pressurecausing internal portions of the part to yield plastically, resulting in internal compressive residual stresses once the pressure is released. Because the outer layers remain elastic they attempt to return to their original shape; however, they are prevented from doing so completely by autofretatge new permanently stretched inner layers.

This page was last edited on 29 Octoberat The technique has been applied to the expansion of tubular components down hole in oil and gas wells.

The method has been patented by the Norwegian oil service company, Meta, procees uses it to connect concentric tubular components with sealing and strength properties outlined above. The end result is an inner surface of the gun barrel with a residual compressive stress able to counterbalance the tensile stress that would be induced when the gun is discharged.


The effect is that the inner layers of the metal are put under compression by the outer layers in much the same way as though an outer layer of metal had been shrunk on as with a built-up gun.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The next step is to subject the compressively strained inner layers to a low-temperature heat treatment which results procesa the elastic limit being raised autofgettage at least the autofrettage pressure employed in the first stage of the process.

In early practice of autofrettage of a gun barrel, the barrel was pressurized hydraulically.

The technique is commonly used in manufacture of high-pressure pump cylinders, warship and tank gun barrels, and fuel injection systems for diesel engines. Articles needing additional references from June All articles needing additional references.

By using this site, you agree to autofretgage Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The amount of initial underbore and oversize of autofretfage die are calculated to strain the material around the bore past its elastic limit into plastic deformation.

This means that the inner layers have been stretched to a point where the steel is no longer able to return to its original shape once the internal pressure has been removed. Its maximum value occurs in the metal adjacent to the source of pressure, decreasing markedly towards the outer layers of the tube.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Finally, the elasticity of the barrel can be tested by applying internal pressure once more, but this time care is taken to ensure that the inner layers are not stretched beyond their new elastic limit. While autofrettage will induce some work hardeningthat is not the primary mechanism of strengthening.


Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. A residual compressive stress remains on the barrel’s inner surface, even after final honing and rifling.

Inducing residual compressive stresses into materials can also increase their resistance to stress corrosion cracking ; that is, non-mechanically-assisted cracking that occurs when a material is placed in a corrosive environment in the presence of tensile stress. Process start point is a single steel tube of internal diameter augofrettage less than the desired calibre. The goal of autofrettage is to increase the durability of the final product.

The reason why this is possible is that the stress distribution through the walls of the tube is non-uniform.

Autofrettage – Wikipedia

The tube is subjected to internal pressure of sufficient magnitude to enlarge the bore and in the process the inner layers of the metal are stretched in tension beyond their elastic limit.

Archived from the original PDF on Although the outer layers of the tube are also stretched, the degree of internal pressure applied during the process is such that they are not stretched beyond their elastic limit. The proccess autofrettage is also used to describe a step in manufacturing of composite overwrapped pressure vessel COPV where the liner is expanded by plastic deformationinside the composite overwrap.