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H E Christian Topography of Cosmas, surnamed Indicopleustes, or the Indian Navigator, has been preserved in two copies: one a parchment MS. of the tenth. (COSMAS THE INDIAN VOYAGER). A Greek traveller and geographer of the first half of the sixth century, b. at Alexandria, Egypt. Cosmas probably received. 1. TITLE: World Pictures of Cosmas. DATE: A.D.. AUTHOR: Cosmas Indicopleustes of Alexandria. DESCRIPTION: Much of the tone of medieval European.

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Among other parts of Ethiopia which our traveller visited we may include the Aromatic countrythat great projection on the east of the African Continent which terminates in Cape Guardafui.

To this point Photius makes no reference, and it has been indicopleusted overlooked by Montfaucon. Around Cosmas wrote the once-copiously illustrated Christian Topographya work partly based on his personal experiences as a merchant on the Red Sea and Indian Ocean in the early 6th century.

Since the Topography had for its main design the exposition of these views, it has been compared by Yule to “a mere bank of mud, but remarkable on account of certain geographical fossils which are found imbedded in it”. Some passages, besides, which give us an insight into the depth and fervour of indciopleustes faith, rise to an eloquence which suggests the belief that, had he cultivated the art, he might have shone in pulpit oratory.

If it be necessary to suppose, as some investigators assert, that Cosmas was at any time a Nestorianit would appear from his work, the “Christian Topography”, that, cosmzs least towards the close of his life, he returned to the orthodox faith. Indidopleustes was still another interesting locality which the traveller tells us he visited, and this lay on the other side of the Red Seathe Desert, namely, of Sinai, where he found, strewn among the sands, fragments of rock covered with inscriptions which he took to have been carved by the Israelites when they were wandering indicopleushes that wilderness.

The Christian Topography of Cosmas Indicopleustes

Subject Date Around – In the days of Cosmas ecclesiastical controversies were rife, and professing Indicoplejstes were divided ix into numerous sects. While an inmate of the monastery indicopleuwtes wrote the “Topography” above mentioned, a work which gives him a position of importance among the geographers of the early Middle Ages. This page was last edited on 23 Decemberat He closes one age of civilization which had slowly declined from the self-satisfied completeness of the classical world, and he prepares us to enter another that, in comparison, is literally dark.


In the Florentine Codex, the index of the work reads thus: Cosmas, he points out, in order to meet objections urged against his opinions, was in the habit of making additions from time to time to the number indicopleuztes its books.

The Plates indivopleustes in the Appendix have been reproduced by photography from those which accompany Montfaucon’s edition of the Topography. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

Twenty years indicopleustwsthe work appeared in its complete form as exhibited in the Florentine Codex, collated with that of the Vatican. But while Cosmas regarded as impious the doctrine that the heavens revolve, he admitted the revolution of the celestial luminaries, which, he held, were propelled in their courses by the angels, who do not live in heaven but are restricted to the aerial spaces below the firmament, until the resurrection.

The upper side of the northern wall, at the summit of heaven, curves round and over, till it unites with the upper side of the southern wall, and thus forms, in the shape of an oblong vault, the canopy of heaven, which Cosmas likens to the vaulted roof of a bathroom.

Although he is commonly ranked among the greatest scientists of antiquity, very little is known indiopleustes his life, and…. This comparison, however, we indicopleuates to think, does less than justice to the work, for besides the geographical there are many other “fossils” to be found in the mud, of different kinds and generally of more or less interest and value. The present translation has been prepared from Indicoppleustes text, as reprinted in the 88th volume of the Patrologia Graeca, printed at the Migne Press, Paris, Internet URLs are the best.

Cosmas Indicopleustes, Christian Topography () Introduction.

This article is about the 6th-century Byzantine geographer. Cosmology aside, Cosmas proves to be an interesting and reliable guide, providing a window into a world that has since disappeared.

Now, as the table was twice as long as it was broad, and was placed lengthwise csomas east to west, and breadthwise from north to south, from this we learn that the earth is a rectangular plane which extends in length from east to west, and in breadth from north to south, and indicopleustee twice as long as it is broad. We have already mentioned that the Topography has data from which the time when Cosmas wrote can be certainly determined. Listen to this page.


Cosmas Indicopleustes

To quote Yule once more: This learned French scholar, while visiting Italy, extracted from the Florentine Codex a copy of the ii Adulitic Inscriptions, 1 and of passages relating to Ethiopia and India. A doubt long ago arose as to whether Cosmas was the proper or family name of the author of the Topography. Thus he tells us that he had sailed upon three of the great gulfs which run up into the earth from the ocean, namely, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Indicoplesutes, and Persian Gulf.

Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe. As a group of educational disciplines,….

It seeks to answer the questions of why things are as they are, where they are. His work is not, as it has been called in the earlier years of this centurythe chief authority of the Middle Ages in geography.

Cosmas mentions it in Book 1. He later became a monk and wrote several geographical treatises indicoopleustes, but only the Topographia and fragments of his commentaries on the Psalms and Gospels have survived.

Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. But though he was not instructed, as he tells us himself, 2 v in the “learning of indicopleutes schools,” yet so inquisitive was his turn of mind and so sharp his intellect that ocsmas eventually acquired such a knowledge of literature and science as raised him to the level of the culture of his time, and to his being accepted as a capable exponent and defender of the Christian faith.

The work also gives much valuable information concerning the extension of Christianity in his day.