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Artículo Clínico. Alveolar distraction osteogenesis: an alternative in the reconstruction of atrophic alveolar ridges. Report of 10 cases. Distracción osteogénica. Distracción osteogénica mandibular en microrretrognatia severa del adulto. M. Castrillo Tambay1, I. Zubillaga Rodríguez2, G. Sánchez Aniceto2, R. Gutiérrez. Distracción osteogénica expositor y editor: Santos Busso, Alfonso N. Distracción osteogénica ¿Qué es? Distracción osteogénica Historia.

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Three 3 of the defects were located in the anterior region of the maxillary, 1 defect in the anterior region of the mandible and 6 in the posterior region. In addition, it offers a shorter waiting time between the initial stage and the placement of the implants 10 weeks in comparison with the 6 months that must usually pass for rehabilitation with implants when autogeneous bone grafts are used.

The influence of the rate and frequency of distraction. There appears to be an initial stretching of the mucosa, which undergoes reorganization in response to this new spatial situation.

In the final diagnosis the presence of OSAS was ruled out and the patient currently does not require any treatment.

The influence of the rate and frequency of distraction. Extra and intra bucal devices have been developed and used for this intention. Mechanically induced tissue response during distraction. The distraction osteogenesis DO is a method developed for induction of new tecidual formation between two segments of a bone for a slow and gradual force of traction Ilizarov, a; Ilizarov, b; Meyer et al.

Studies about compression, twist and shear forces application of the bone prolongated by osteogenesis distraction had been carried out. Histologic and radiographic analysis. The principles of the Ilizarov method. In maxillary bones, the ossification is largely intramembranous, although foci of endochondral ossification have been reported by some authors.


According to recent studies, reabsorption toothless alveolar rims or mandibular and maxilar atrophies caused by a syndrome can also be corrected successfully with this technique Jazrawi et al.

Distraccion Osteogenica Mandibular Pdf Download

The period of maintenance of the disjunction device as new bone stabilizing can be vary Forwood et al. A distravcion mechanism was formed because the continuous and appropriate force was applied by a device McCarthy et al.

Healing process after alveolar ridge distraction in sheep. Ilizarov a described 2 basic types of distraction: Distraction osteogenesis of the mandible with a modified intraoral appliance: J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; Some tissues besides bone have been observed to form under tension stress, including mucosa, skin, muscle, tendon, cartilage, blood vessels, and peripheral nerves Cohen et al.

However, the available information on this subject is still scarce. In craniofacial bones, a week phase is recommended osteogenjca children and a week phase for adults, although the appearance of bone with identical characteristics to those of the initial bone may take more than a year Cohen et al.

After the infiltration of local anesthesia, a 5 mm horizontal incision was performed under the alveolar ridge with the elevation of a full thickness flap, exposing the vestibular cortex Fig. Distraction osteogenesis in maxillofacial surgery using internal devices: J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; These last ones, although to be more steady and malleable, made it difficult for the patients for being discomforted.

Distracción osteogénica alveolar

Initial outcome of vertical distraction osteogenesis of the atrophic alveolar ridge. The average age of the group was 31,6 years, all the patients being non-smokers without systemic disorders.


There was no inclination of the transport segment or formation of pseudoarthosis or bone callus in any of the cases. With the success, they proposed an intra-buccal distractors model for human, but it did not arrive to be used.

St Louis, Mosby, b. Multidimensional intraoral distraction osteogenesis of the mandible 4 years of clinical experience. The use of ADO in the reconstruction of atrophic alveolar ridges has been shown to be a method that offers increased alveolar ridge height with bone and soft tissue gain, adapting the ridge for posterior rehabilitation of the patient by means of implants, it being a predictable method with low rates of bone absorption, in comparison with the use of bone grafts or alloplastic materials.

Castrillo Tambay 1I. InMartin Chin related osteogenca the first author to carry out DO with intra-bucal apparatus in human for alveolar process growth Feichtinger et al.

In fact, mandibular elongation distractors have been designed for this purpose using hydraulic or spring wire mechanisms. The concept of callotasis is of interest in implant surgery, especially monofocal callotasis for the linear regeneration of tissues.

The role of chondrocytes in intramembranous and endochondral ossification during distraction osteogenesis in the rabbit. The osteogwnica of fracture healing in long bones.

The tension-stress effect on the genesis and growth of tissues.

Clinical application of the tension stress effect for limb lengthening.