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Legalism. By Judith N. Shklar. Cambridge: Harvard University Press,. Pp. ix , $ This book is a critical study of the legal process and of legal. About forty years ago, in , the political philosopher. Judith Shklar published a remarkable book, Legalism,’ in which she put forward two propositions: first. “An excellent study [Shklar] presents a skillful analysis and criticism of what legal scholar-philosophers have written Provocative―due to the author’s.

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She graduated from McGill University and received B. She received her Ph. D degree from Harvard University in After graduation, Shklar became a faculty member at Harvard University and spent her entire academic career there. She was the first tenured woman in Harvard’s Government Department. She was also president of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy and the first woman president of the American Political Science Association — She was a renowned teacher and advisor, and many of her former students contributed to a volume of essays on her thought, Liberalism Without Illusions, edited by Bernard Yack.

Among her celebrated former students are Amy GutmannPatrick T. Shklar’s thought centered on two main ideas. The first being that cruelty is the worst evilwhich she touches on in her essay The Liberalism of Fear and elaborates more fully in Putting Cruelty Firstan essay in Ordinary Vices.

Her second main idea concerns the “liberalism of fear” and is founded on her view that cruelty is the worst evil and that governments are prone to abuse the “inevitable inequalities in power” that result from political organization. Based on these views she advocates constitutional democracy[1] which she sees as flawed, but still the best form of government possible, because it protects people from the abuses of the more powerful by restricting government and by dispersing power among a “multiplicity of politically active groups” [2].


Shklar stated that “Every adult should be able to make as many effective decisions without fear or favor about as many aspects of his or her life as is compatible with the like freedom of every adult” and that this “is the original and only defensible meaning of liberalism ” [2]. She described rights less as absolute moral liberties and more as licenses which citizens must have in order to protect themselves against abuse.

Shklar was deeply interested in injustice and political evils. She claimed that “philosophy fails to give injustice its due,” that is, most past philosophers have ignored injustice and talked only about justicelikewise they have ignored vice and only talked about virtue. In Ordinary Vices and The Faces of Injustice Shklar attempts to fill this gap in philosophical thought, drawing heavily on literature as well as philosophy to argue that injustice and the “sense of injustice” are historically and culturally universal, and are very important for modern political and philosophical theory.

Professor Shklar wrote many influential books and articles on political science including:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Limitations on the Individual in Contemporary America Presidents of the American Political Science Association. Judson —07 James Bryce —08 A. Beard —26 William B. Munro —27 Jesse S.


Judith N. Shklar, Legalism: Law, Morals, and Political Trials – PhilPapers

Reeves —28 John A. Fairlie —29 Benjamin F.

Willoughby —32 Isidor Loeb —33 Walter J. Shepard —34 Francis W. Coker —35 Arthur N.

Brooks —40 Frederic A. Ogg —41 William Anderson —42 Judtih E. Cushman —43 Leonard D. White —44 John Gaus —45 Walter F. Spencer —48 Quincy Wright —49 James K. Odegard —51 Luther Gulick —52 E. Taylor Cole —59 Carl B. Swisher —60 Emmette Redford —61 Charles S.

Hyneman —62 Carl Joachim Friedrich —63 C. Lane —71 Heinz Eulau —72 Robert E. Ward —73 Avery Leiserson —74 J. Wahlke —78 Leon D.

Judith N. Shklar

Epstein —79 Warren Miller —80 Charles E. Shklar —90 Theodore J.

Lowi —91 James Q. Wilson —92 Lucius J. Barker —93 Charles O.

Robert Jervis —01 Robert D. Katzenstein —09 Henry E. Brady —10 Carole Pateman —11 G. Hero —15 Jydith Hochschild —16 David A. Lake —17 Kathleen Thelen —. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history.

This page was last edited on 5 Novemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Oegalism and Privacy Policy. McGill University Harvard University.