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Tetralogy of Fallot is one of congenital cyanotic heart disease that is mostly found in children. Makalah ini membahas penatalaksanaan gigi dan mulut dalam. Makalah Tetralogy Of Fallot. Tetralogy of fallot merupakan kelainan jantung bawaan. Makalah ini akan membahas mengenai diagnosis dan tatalaksana dari . SA (sFnosis aorta), TGA (transposisi art€ri-aneri besar), dan TF. (Tetralogi Fallot) .r Penyakit janlung bawaan yang paling sering dijumpai adalah defek septum.

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These spells can be aborted with relatively simple procedures.

Tetralogi Fallot – Bahan – [DOC Document]

Avoid in hypotension, respiratory depression, nausea, emesis, constipation, and urinary retention; caution in atrial flutter and other supraventricular tachycardias; has vagolytic action and may increase ventricular response rateDrug NamePediatric Dose Contraindications Interactions Pregnancy PrecautionsDrug Category: Our current understanding of the embryology of this disease is that makalh is a result of anterior malalignment of the conal septum, resulting in the clinical combination of a VSD, pulmonary stenosis, and an overriding aorta.

Episodes of acute hypoxia from infundibular spasm are life threatening. Treat acidosis with sodium bicarbonate, which may reduce the respiratory center stimulating effect of acidosis.

Pain control ensures patientcomfort and promotes pulmonary toilet. At all patient care visits, emphasize the need for bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis. Exercise tolerance and need for restrictions on physical activity depend on the type of repair and hemodynamic state of the patient. Riwayat Immunisasi NO Jenis immunisasi 1.

This causes a characteristic coeur-en-sabot boot-shaped appearance as seen by chest X-ray. Digoxin Lanoxin — Cardiac glycoside with direct inotropic effects and indirect effects on the cardiovascular system.


This provides a calming effect, reduces systemic venous return, and increases SVR. In the French physician Etienne Fallot accurately detailed its four anatomical characteristics. Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.

Complications Delayed growth and maka,ah Seizures during periods fallit insufficient oxygenCall Health Care Provider Call your health care provider if new unexplained symptoms develop or if the patient is having an episode of cyanosis blue skin. It is associated with chromosome 22 deletions and diGeorge syndrome. Oxygen is of limited value since the primary abnormality is reduced pulmonary blood flow. If an infant has severe symptoms at an early age, placement of a temporary shunt may be required to provide more blood flow to the lungs.

Tetrallogy of Fallot – [Download PDF]

Squatting is uniquely characteristic of a right-to-left shunt that presents in the exercising child. Frekuensi makan 3x x 4. This is known as a right-to-left shunt. Tetralogy of Fallot occurs in approximately 5 out of 10, infants.

Posisi lutut ke dada agar aliran darah ke paru bertambah 2. Affidavit of Change of Venue Affidavit. Cara untuk memudahkan persalinan: Surgery results in almost 90 percent of patients surviving for at least 25 years from the time of tetralogj generally, the results are best if the defect is corrected before the patient is 12 years old. Patients receive antibiotics before dental or surgical procedures bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis.

Bila usia anak belum mencapai 1 tahun atau berat badan. Referat Tetralogy of Fallot fufkuy.

Tetralogi Fallot – Bahan

Home Documents Tetralogi Fallot – Bahan. A few patients may never reach the stage of complete repair because of very hypoplastic pulmonary arteries. Untreated tetralogy of Fallot, over the long term, results in progressive right ventricular hypertrophy and dilatation due to the increased resistance on the right ventricle. Produces vasodilation and increases cardiac output. Frekuensi minum Normal Berkurang 3. The operation provides a complete cure, and it is extremely rare for the holes to open up again.


Hypoxic “tet” spells are potentially lethal, unpredictable episodes that occur even in noncyanotic patients with TOF. Little attention has been paid on the complex cultural, economic, technology and other factors The development of right ventricular hypertrophy is a result of progressive right heart failure arising from this combination, and can be minimized or even averted by early surgical repair.

All patients with TOF-PA are required to take appropriate antibiotic bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis. Educate patients and their families about anatomic details and long-term prognosis, the potential need for multiple surgeries and catheterizations, and postoperative complications.

SITE To ensure the functioning of the site, we use cookies. Prenatal factors associated with higher than normal risk for this condition include maternal rubella or other viral illnesses during pregnancy, poor prenatal nutrition, maternal alcoholism, mother over 40 years old, and diabetes. The holes most often can be closed with a suture, but if they are particularly large, a small patch made from the patient’s own pericardial outside wrapping of the heart tissue or a Dacron patch can be used.

Jenis minuman Susu Susu 2.

Cuci rambut – Frekuensi – Cara 3. It is also a vasodilator.

The first total repair of tetralogy of Fallot was performed by C.